Figure of Speech : Meaning and Example

  Figure of Speech : Meaning and Example

A figure of speech is the use of a word or a phrase, which ascend from its literal interpretation. It can also be a special repetition, arrangement or omission of words with literal meaning, or a phrase with a specialized meaning not based on the literal meaning of the words in it, as in idiom, metaphor, simile, hyperbole, personification, or synecdoche.

A figure of speech is a departure from the ordinary form of experience, or the ordinary course of ideas, in order to produce a greater effect.” —Wren.

Main Figure of Speech used in English language —

  1. Simile : Comparison between two things ( of different kinds which have, however, at least one point in common ) using like or as.

Example : She is as lovely as a rose.

  1. Metaphor : A metaphor is an implied Simile without the use of like or as.

Example : Camel is the ship of the desert.

  1. Personification : Attributing or applying human qualities to inanimate objects,                  animals, or natural phenomena.

Example : A lie has no legs.

4. Hyperbole : Use of exaggerated terms for emphasis.

Example : Floods of tears flowed down her cheeks.

  1.  Apostrophe : A direct address to the dead, to the absent or to a personified object or         idea.

Example : O death ! where is thy sting ?

6. Oxymoron : Using two terms together, that normally contradict each other. ( a special       form of Antithesis)

Example : Sweet bitter tears flowed from her eyes.

  1. Alliteration : Repetition of a word at the end of a clause at the beginning of another.

Example : How high his Honour holds his haughty head !

8. Metonymy : Substitution of an associated word to suggest what is really meant.

Example : The pen (author ) is mightier than the sword ( the soldier ).

9. Synecdoche : Form of metonymy, in which a part stands for the whole or the whole            stands for a part.

Example : The best brains ( i.e. scholars ) have assembled here.

  1. Antithesis : Juxtaposition of opposing or contrasting ideas. A striking opposition or              contrast of words or sentiments made in the same sentence.

Example : To err is human, to forgive is divine.

11. Irony : Use of word in a way that conveys a meaning opposite to its usual meaning.

Example : Run, run, you are brave indeed.

  1. Pun : When a word or phrase is used in two(or more) different senses.

Example : Is life worth living ? That depends upon the lever.

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